Here we will define, analyze, simplify, and calculate the square root of 144. We start off with the definition and then answer some common questions about the square root of 144. Then, we will show you different ways of calculating the square root of 144 with and without a computer or calculator. We have a lot of information to share, so let's get started!

**Square root of 144 definition**

The square root of 144 in mathematical form is written with the radical sign like this √144. We call this the square root of 144 in radical form. The square root of 144 is a quantity (q) that when multiplied by itself will equal 144.

√144 = q × q = q

^{2}

**Is 144 a perfect square?**

144 is a perfect square if the square root of 144 equals a whole number. As we have calculated further down on this page, the square root of 144 is a whole number.

144 is a perfect square.

**Is the square root of 144 rational or irrational?**

The square root of 144 is a rational number if 144 is a perfect square. It is an irrational number if it is not a perfect square. Since 144 is a perfect square, it is rational number. This means that the answer to "the square root of 144?" will have no decimals.

√144 is a rational number

**Can the square root of 144 be simplified?**

A square root of a perfect square can be simplified because the square root of a perfect square will equal a whole number:

√144 = 12

**How to calculate the square root of 144 with a calculator**

The easiest and most boring way to calculate the square root of 144 is to use your calculator! Simply type in 144 followed by √x to get the answer. We did that with our calculator and got the following answer:

√144 = 12

**How to calculate the square root of 144 with a computer**

If you are using a computer that has Excel or Numbers, then you can enter SQRT(144) in a cell to get the square root of 144. Below is the result we got:

SQRT(144) = 12

**What is the square root of 144 written with an exponent?**

All square roots can be converted to a number (base) with a fractional exponent. The square root of 144 is no exception. Here is the rule and the answer to "the square root of 144 converted to a base with an exponent?":

√b = b

^{½}

√144 = 144

^{½}

**How to find the square root of 144 by long division method**

Here we will show you how to calculate the square root of 144 using the long division method. This is the lost art of how they calculated the square root of 144 by hand before modern technology was invented.

**Step 1)**

Set up 144 in pairs of two digits from right to left:

01 | 44 |

**Step 2)**

Starting with the first set: the largest perfect square less than or equal to 1 is 1, and the square root of 1 is 1. Therefore, put 1 on top and 1 at the bottom like this:

1 | ||||

01 | 44 | |||

1 | ||||

**Step 3)**

Calculate 1 minus 1 and put the difference below. Then move down the next set of numbers.

1 | ||||

01 | 44 | |||

1 | ||||

0 | 44 | |||

**Step 4)**

Double the number in green on top: 1 × 2 = 2. Then, use 2 and the bottom number to make this problem:

2? × ? ≤ 44

The question marks are "blank" and the same "blank". With trial and error, we found the largest number "blank" can be is 2. Replace the question marks in the problem with 2 to get:

22 × 2 = 44.

Now, enter 2 on top, and 44 at the bottom:

1 | 2 | |||

01 | 44 | |||

1 | ||||

0 | 44 | |||

0 | 44 | |||

The difference between the bottom two numbers is zero, therefore, you are done! The answer is the green numbers on top. Once again, the square root of 144 is 12.

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**Notes**

Remember that negative times negative equals positive. Thus, the square root of 144 does not only have the positive answer that we have explained above, but also the negative counterpart.

We often refer to perfect square roots on this page. You may want to use the list of perfect squares for reference.

Square Root of 145

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